Background

Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective procedure. Also, endoscopic treatment of obesity such as intragastric balloon and botulinum toxin (BT) injection is an option for obesity. The aim of study is to compare the efficacy of treatment between IGB or BT injection.

Methods

Between January 2018 and January 2019, 52 patients, aged between 21-52 years, were included in the study. In 26 patients (first group), 450-650 cc non-adjustable intragastric balloon placement was performed, while 100 unit of BT was injected for the remaining 26 patients (second group). For the both groups were followed by the dietitian to gain a healthy eating habit for the 1stweek, 1stmonth and 3rdmonth.

Results

In the first group, there was a very low (.00-.24) negative correlation in the first week while the second group, the variables were highly positive correlated (.90-1.00) in the first week. In the 1st and 3rd months, the first group had a weak (.26-.49) negative correlation and the second group had a very high positive correlation (.90-1.00). In the first group, there was a significant difference (p <.05). When it was considered the meaningful differences between the groups, the initial weight of first group was found to be in the 1st week (.03 <.05), in the 1st month (.00 <.05) and in the 3rd month (.00 <.05).

Conclusions

IGB and BT injection methods are used to treat patients who are not successful only by lifestyle change method. According to our experience, intragastric balloon is more efficient treatment than botulinum toxin injection .